Alopecia is the medical term for partial or complete loss of hair.
It is characterized by rapid loss of hair which begins in the form of one or more round patches in the beard, eyebrow and occasionally on the other hairy parts of the body.
The ayurvedic term for Alopecia is ‘Indralupta’, ‘Ruhiya’ or ‘Khalitya’.
According to Ayurveda, hair are considered to be a waste material (‘Mala’) of osseous (related to bone) tissue. Therefore healthy bony tissue results in healthy hair.
Since for healthy tissues nutrition is of immense significance so healthy nutrition contributes in the formation of healthy hair and their sustenance. The hair on the head are referred to as ‘Kesha’, those on the body as ‘Lomas’ and the facial hair on males, ‘Smashru’, that begins to grow only during adolescence.
The quality of hair of an individual depends on his body-type (Prakriti) as well.
Thus in a Vata body type the hair are brittle, coarse, dry, rough, thin, split or lusterless. In a Pitta body type the hair are pinkish or reddish, soft, coppery red in colour, and show signs of early baldness and graying tendency. In the Kapha body type the hair are strong, dark, thick, dark blue, good quality, glossy, with thick moustaches, beards and eyebrows.
TYPES OF ALOPECIA
According to Ayurveda it is of three types:
On the basis of its location
- In beard area – Indralupt
- On the scalp- Khalitya
- All over the body Ruhiya
According to a different school of thought (Aacharya Vagbhat), Alopecia is classified on the basis of its onset. Sudden hair fall is termed as Indralupt while a gradual hair loss is called khalitya.