BONE & JOINT DISORDERS (ARTHRITIS)
CERVICAL SPONDYLOSIS – INTRODUCTION
Cervical Spondylosis is a disorder which results from abnormal growth in bones of the neck (cervical vertebra) and degeneration and mineral deposits (calcification) in the cushions or gaps between the cervical vertebrae (these cushions are known as Cervical discs).
In middle aged and elderly, some degree of degenerative changes in the cervical spine is a normal and common finding. Degeneration of the cushions or gaps in the vertebrae is often without any symptoms but it may be associated with nerve involvement or neurological dysfunction. Generally, C5/ C6, C6/ C7 and C4/ C5 vertebral levels are affected.
One or more nerves of cervical (neck) region may get compressed, stretched or injured causing neck pain, stiffness and restricted neck movement due to degeneration of the cervical disks where the disk material may protrude along with secondary calcification and osteophyte (new bone) formation.