BONE & JOINT DISORDERS (ARTHRITIS)
OSTEOPOROSIS – COMPLICATIONS
Osteoporosis commonly involves bones of spine (vertebrae), hip, arm and wrist. Fracture of bones of spine and hip is the most common and serious complication of osteoporosis.
- Vertebral fracture:
o Fracture of vertebral body may occur due to sudden bending, lifting or jumping and at times, without any injury.
o It causes severe back pain that may radiate to the flanks.
o Pain may be relieved temporarily by taking rest. It is aggravated by movement.
o Commonly involved vertebrae are lower dorsal and upper lumber (T6 to L3).
- Hip fracture:
o It usually results from a fall.
o The fracture occurs at sites where bone density is reduced to the minimum.