BONE & JOINT DISORDERS (ARTHRITIS)

 

OSTEOPOROSIS – COMPLICATIONS

 

Osteoporosis commonly involves bones of spine (vertebrae), hip, arm and wrist. Fracture of bones of spine and hip is the most common and serious complication of osteoporosis.

 

  • Vertebral fracture:

o    Fracture of vertebral body may occur due to sudden bending, lifting or jumping and at times, without any injury.

o    It causes severe back pain that may radiate to the flanks.

o    Pain may be relieved temporarily by taking rest. It is aggravated by movement.

o    Commonly involved vertebrae are lower dorsal and upper lumber (T6 to L3).

  • Hip fracture:

o    It usually results from a fall.

o    The fracture occurs at sites where bone density is reduced to the minimum.