Osteoporosis is a generalised disorder but, it commonly involves bones of spine (vertebrae), hip, arm and wrist. It usually does not cause any symptom. Common features include:


  • Pain in back: It is the most common presentation of osteoporosis. Intensity of pain may vary from backache, which is made worse by standing or sudden movement, to sudden severe pain resulting from fracture of vertebrae. Sudden bending, lifting or jumping may cause fracture of the diseased vertebrae resulting in severe back pain. This may radiate to the flanks. Spontaneous fracture may also occur.
  • Loss of height: Fracture and collapse of vertebral body contributes to loss of height.
  • “Dowager’s” or “Widow’s” hump: Multiple episodes of fracture in spinal bones (mid dorsal region) may result in exaggerated posterior curve of spine (dorsal kyphosis) and abnormal anterior curve of cervical spine (cervical lordosis).
  • Scoliosis: Lateral curvature of spine may result from bony deformity of spine.
  • Generalised bone pain: It is an uncommon feature in osteoporosis.