What really causes rheumatoid arthritis is not known but it is believed that their are certain factors that may make the immune system overactive, thus resulting in symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. These risk factors include:


  • Genetic factors : A person’s genetic makeup plays a role in the cause of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis tends to run in families.
  • Environmental factors : They trigger the onset of disease but the exact agent is not known, though some viruses ( Epstein -Barr) and bacteria (mycobacterium tuberculosis, Proteus mirabilis) are suspected.
  • Hormonal factors : These are believed to accelerate or retard the disease progress, this is observed as the incidence of the disease is higher in women of perimenopausal age.
  • Age : Even though the disease may occur at any age, the incidence is higher around forty years of age.
  • Sex : Females are three times more prone to develop rheumatoid arthritis. But with advanced age the ratio of women to men becomes more even, with the incidence becoming almost equal among elderly RA patients.
  • Emotional factor : Homeopathy believes that person who worries constantly or those who are under much mental stress have a tendency to develop this disease.