TREATMENT OF CONSTIPATION
I. Diet and constipation
High fibre diet and plenty of liquids are recommended both for treatment and prevention of constipation.
Diet modification guidelines
- An individual must include 1- 2 high fiber foods in his daily diet up to a maximum of 4 – 6 such foods.
- Add oatmeal / bran (outer covering of cereals) to your diet in a graded fashion every week up to a maximum of four table spoons per day.
- A person who develops discomfort on this dietary change should see his doctor. A high fiber diet in not recommended in presence of inflammation of colon.
- Another easy way to add bulk to daily food could be to incorporate raw chopped vegetables in the meal being prepared (soups, noodles, burger). The food remains palatable and is without ill effects.
II. Lifestyle modification is necessary to treat some forms of constipation.
III. Medicines in constipation (laxatives and enema therapy).
- These therapies can help relieve constipation but are not routinely advised for prolonged periods as they can result in altering the bowel movement.
- They can often be dangerous (specially strong laxatives) and should not be given in the following situations :
- In presence of severe stomachache / appendicitis.
- To a person with injury to the abdomen.
- To a young child (less than 2 year).
- On a routine basis.
Please consult your doctor in the above stated situations
IV. Psychotherapy and rehabilitation
- Psychotherapy and rehabilitation are useful techniques in following circumstances :
- To train a person to relax himself daily.
- Bio feedback technique to train anorectal muscles to allow bowel movements. These are used by health care professionals.
- Non repressive toilet training to toddlers.