Dandruff may improve after home treatment but you should consult your doctor if :
- heavy dandruff does not improve after a few weeks of home treatment.
- redness is present, or if scaling occurs on parts of the body other than the scalp.
- if crusts form on the scalp
- there is intense itching of scalp
The objectives of treatment are to :
- control dandruff
- prevent complications
- educate the person to identify the problem early
Besides medicines, following guidelines can help you control your dandruff problem.
- Eat a healthy and well balanced diet.
- Avoid excessive salt, sugar and alcohol.
- Maintain proper hair hygiene by using shampoo prepared from herbs like henna, amla, shikakai, reetha.
- In consultation with your dermatologist use a shampoo which suits your hair best.
- Regularly disinfect your towel, comb, pillow cover after use.
- Avoid use of harsh cosmetics on the hair like hair dyes, gels, sprays etc.
- Mild dandruff may be controlled by regularly shampooing the scalp with a mild, non-medicated shampoo.
- When you wash your hair, lather once, rinse, lather a second time and really rub your scalp as you shampoo. Your fingers will help dislodge excess cells.
- While washing your hair with a shampoo take care to rinse the hair properly, so that no traces of shampoo are left behind.
- Use a conditioner to keep hair from drying out.
- If you have dry dandruff give a warm-oil treatment to the hair to help loosen and soften dandruff scaling.
- Avoid stress by practicing meditation, yoga or relaxation exercises.