- Using a good quality shampoo.
- Using a hair conditioner
- Rinsing the hair to remove all traces of shampoo/conditioner/ soap.
- Drying hair properly after a wash
- Avoid using a hair drier very often
- Avoid using gels, hairsprays, etc which are alcohol based as they dry the scalp.
- Avoid use of hair-dyes
- Clean towels, combs and hair brushes regularly
- Avoid foods that cause allergy
- Limit consumption of protein rich foods like seafood, animal protein, beans, etc
- Have foods rich in Omega-3 fatty acids.
- Avoid excess use of salts, sugar, alcohol and fats.
o Proper skin care with emollients.
o Mild baby shampoos.
o Warm olive oil compresses.
o Low potency steroids in a cream or lotion form for 7-10 days.
o Crust removal with 3-5% salicylic acid in olive oil.
- Armpit, Elbow and Knees (flexures)
o 0.2- 0.5% clioquinol in zinc lotion .
o 0.1 to 0.25% gentian violet application if oozy lesions and use of cotton diapers.
o If superimposed candidiasis, then use imidazole preparations.
o Shampoo with 1-2.5% selenium sulphide or zinc pyrithione or ketoconazole.
o Removal of crusts or scales by overnight application of steroids or salicylic acid in water soluble bases.
- Face & trunk
o Low potency steroids (1% hydrocortisone) early in disease course.
o Topical antifungals esp. imidazoles.
o Topical metronidazole 2% once or twice daily.
- Eye lashes (Blepharitis)
o Hot compresses.
o Gentle cleaning with cotton tipped applicator.
o Baby shampoo once or twice daily.
o For stubborn cases , Sodium sulfacetamide ophthalmic ointment once or twice daily.