Cognition is the person’s automatic thoughts. The process of understanding and changing thought patterns to a more constructive way of functioning is the core of cognitive therapy. A person with depression often thinks that “I am negative, the environment around me is negative and my future too is negative”. These negative biases are known as the cognitive triad. Cognitive therapy focuses on rectifying these negative thoughts. The therapy involves:
- Helping the person to identify the negative thoughts.
- Becoming aware of errors in thought processing.
- Helping the person to restructure his thoughts in an alternative, flexible and positive way.
- Maintaining a daily diary where the record of thoughts and medication is kept.
This works by reducing the tendency to perceive the incoming information negatively and adopting a more positive view of life. It involves around twelve to twenty sessions