MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER OR UNIPOLAR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
Major depressive disorder, also known as unipolar depressive disorder comprises of depression which may occur only once in a person’s lifetime, or in episodes that usually last for at least 2 weeks.
Usually women in early adulthood are prone to major depression. Recurrence and duration of the episode increases with the age. Generally there is a phase of normal mental health between the episode but minor fraction (around 15%) may have suicidal tendencies necessitating hospitalization.
It is characterized by:
- Sleep disturbances
- Loss of Interest or pleasure
- Loss of Energy
- Loss of Concentration
- Change in Appetite
- Psychomotor retardation – Slowing down of mental and physical activities besides restlessness.
- Suicidal ideations – persistent thoughts of death, inclination towards suicide or suicidal attempt.
- Depressed mood