MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER OR UNIPOLAR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER

Major depressive disorder, also known as unipolar depressive disorder comprises of depression which may occur only once in a person’s lifetime, or in episodes that usually last for at least 2 weeks. 

Usually women in early adulthood are prone to major depression. Recurrence and duration of the episode increases with the age. Generally there is a phase of normal mental health between the episode but minor fraction (around 15%) may have suicidal tendencies necessitating hospitalization.

It is characterized by:

  • Sleep disturbances
  • Loss of Interest or pleasure
  • Guilt
  • Loss of Energy
  • Loss of Concentration
  • Change in Appetite
  • Psychomotor retardation – Slowing down of mental and physical activities besides restlessness.
  • Suicidal ideations – persistent thoughts of death, inclination towards suicide or suicidal attempt.
  • Depressed mood