Counseling Techniques

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I. Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is a form of counseling which is effective in managing  mild and moderate depression. It involves explaining the problem, the way it should be tackled and regularly assessing the progress from time to time. It not only provides solution to the existing problem but also ensures that the person is motivated enough to continue medications (as medicines often take four weeks to show the desirable effects) if required.

II. Analytic psychotherapy

The earlier approach was to reach into the persons past and find the root cause of current problem (s) thinking that the past shapes the present. This form of psychotherapy known as Analytic psychotherapy caused a lot of consternation in the subject while revealing the past which he had hidden for long. Therefore a new form of psychotherapy was adopted which focused on only the current issues without considering the past.

III. Interpersonal Therapy

Interpersonal psychotherapy is a term given to this new form of counseling which focuses on current issues. It helps to build on current capacity to function rather than uncover inner conflicts (that have occured in the past). These therapy programs consist of twelve to sixteen sessions, one per week.

IV. Cognitive Therapy

Cognitionis the person’s automatic thoughts. The process of understanding and changing thought patterns to a more constructive way of functioning is the core of cognitive therapy. A person with depression often thinks that  I am negative, the environment around me is negative and my future too is negative. These negative biases are known as the cognitive triad. Cognitive therapy focuses on rectifying these negative thoughts. The therapy involves:

  • Helping the person to identify the negative thoughts.
  • Becoming aware of errors in thought processing.
  • Helping the person to restructure his thoughts in an alternative, flexible and positive way.
  • Maintaining a daily diary where the record of thoughts and medications is kept.

This works by reducing the tendency to perceive the incoming information negatively and adopting a more positive view of life. It involves around twelve to twenty sessions.