Carbohydrates are one of the macronutrients of diet. Almost 50-60% of total energy required is derived from carbohydrates only. Broadly, they are of two types:
- Simple carbohydrates like sugar, jaggery, honey etc.
- Complex carbohydrates like starches, fibers, gums etc.
As far as role of carbohydrates in depression is concerned, it has been observed that depressed people often develop a craving for carbohydrates. Due to this depressed people tries to take more and more carbohydrates (unknowingly) as carbohydrate rich foods instantly enhance the production of serotonin (a neurotransmitter). In such situations the type of carbohydrates you are taking is important. Try to reduce the intake of simple carbohydrates specially refined sugars and enhance the intake of complex starches. To further increase the effect of such carbohydrates, incorporate tryptophan rich product in your carbohydrate meal. Usually carbohydrate-rich diet is recommended in depression.