Glossary

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A
Aacharya A religious teacher.
Aam Toxic by-product of impaired digestion.
Aam Vata  Rheumatoid arthritis
Abaddha Loosen
Abhyang An ayurvedic oil massage. Oil is rubbed into the tissues of the body. This aid in loosening and facilitating the removal of the Doshas and Aam from the body.
Adhay Well off class of people.
Adhisthana Seat, abode
Agnayashay Pancreas
Agni Everything which is heat in the body (temperature, sight, heat); the digestive fire; its function is digestion, transformation, absorption and elimination. Agni is the important form of fire and heat: the basis of good digestion.
Agni mandhya Decreased digestive power
Ahaar ras Essence of food, chyle
Akash Free Space or Void
Amashayoth Originated from Amashay / stomach.
Anulomak Carminative
Apaan Type of Vata,  controls the elimination of bodily wastes.
Arsha Haemorrhoids
Aruchi Loss of appetite
Asadhya Incurable
Asanas Yogic postures
Asthi One of the seven dhatus; the bone tissue; supports the body by forming the skeleton, giving protection, shape, nourishment and longevity.
Atharva Veda Fourth Veda
Atipravriti Overproduction, overflow
Atisara Diarrhoea / loose motions
Atman The Divine Self
AVatar Incarnation of God
Avil Dirty
Ayurveda Derived from two words: ayu, meaning life, and Veda, meaning knowledge; Ayurveda, means ” the knowledge of life”
B  
Bahu Excess
Bala Strength
Basti Medicated enema
Bhakti Yoga Yoga of Devotion
Brihadantra Large intestine
Brihan Nourish
C  
Carminative Relieves intestinal gas, pain and distention; promotes peristalsis. Herbs like Amalaki, Haritaki, Hingvastak, Trikatu, Triphala. Carminative in Sanskrit is known as Anulomak.
Chakras Nerve centers of the subtle body.
Charaka Samhita An ancient textbook of Ayurveda written byCharaka, an ancient Ayurvedic scholar..
Chhardi Vomiting
Chhidra Orifices
Chikitsa  Treatment
Chitta-vritti A mode of behavior
Choorna Powder; Choorna are ayurvedic preparations and may contain single or a combination of herbs and minerals.
D  
Daurbalya Weakness
Deepan Kindling the gastric fire; increasing the appetite. Substances used are like pippali, ginger, black pepper, ajwain, and hing (Asafetida).
Dhamani Arteries
Dhanvantri  The incarnation of Vishnu; The physician of the Gods, known to have been produced at the churning of the ocean with a cup of nectar in his hand.
Dharana Yogic concentration or attention
Dhatu There are seven dhatu (tissues) in the body. The seven bodily tissues are Rasa, Rakta, Maans, med, Asthi, Majja and Shukra.
Dhatukshaya Loss of Tissues
Dhatupak Metabolism
Dhatus Bodily tissues in Ayurvedic Medicine
Dhatvansh Constituents of tissues
Dhyana Contemplation, meditation
Divaswapan Sleeping during day time.
Doshas Tri means three and Doshas being the basic physical energies when in balance. Tridoshasare the biological deriVataives of the five basic elements present in the Universe. Literally meansfault. The term Doshas means the factors which are capable of vitiating the body tissues if they are  increased, decreased or vitiated alone or all together. These three are the basic constituents responsible for the structure and proper functioning of the body or its existence as a whole.
  At the time of conception, permutations and combinations of Vata, Pitta and Kapha determine the constitution of the new individual.
Drav Liquid
Dushya Deranged or disturbed tissues.
G  
Ghee Clarified butter
Ghrit Clarified butter or ghee.
Grahni Duodenum
Gud Jaggery
Gulpha Ankle
Gunas Prime qualities of nature.
H  
Hath Yoga Yoga of the physical body
J  
Jaathragni Fire located in stomach, digestive fire, gastric juices, digestive enzymes  
Jangha Leg, calf
Janu Knee
Jatru Clavicle or collar bone
Jnana Yoga Yoga of Knowledge
Jwar Fever
K  
Kama Pursuit of desire
Kapha One of the three dosha; the extracellular (outside the cell) and intracellular (inside the cell) fluid playing a significant role in the nutrition and existence of cells and tissues in the body. Responsible for strength, immunity, lubrication of joints etc.
Kaphaj Kas Chronic Bronchitis
Kapha shthivan Expulsion of  sputum
Karma Actions
Kas Cough
Kashay Astringent
Katu Charpari, Teekhi, Pungent, Spicy
Khudd Small, joint.
Kleda Body Fluids
Kosha Cells
Koshthagni Digestive fire
Krish Weak, Lean, Thin
Kshataj Related to injury
Kshayaj Related to wasting
Kshaudra meha Diabetes mellitus
Kshudra Small
Kshudrantra Small Intestine
Kulaj Hereditary/ runs in family
Kundalini Serpent power, power of subtle body
L  
Lakshan Clinical features
Lasika Lymph
Laya Yoga Yoga of absorption into the sound-current (nada)
M  
Maans One of the seven dhatus; its main function is to provide physical strength.
Madhumeha Diabetes Mellitus
Madhurya Sweetness
Madhya Alcohol
Majja Bone marrow; One of the seven Dhatus; it is unctuous/oily and soft; its main function is to oleate the body, to fill up the Asthi (bone), and to nourish the Shukra (the reproductive tissue).
Manana Pondering
Manas Mind or emotion
Mantra Spiritual or empowered speech.
Marga A path
Marmabhighat Injury to Vital points
Marmas Sensitive and vital body points known in Ayurveda
Mastishka Brain
Maya Illusion
Med Fat tissue, supported by Maans dhatu; its function is to support the body and to lubricate the body; med in excessive quantity may produce obesity and physical weakness.
Medovaha Srotas Channels carrying lipids
Moksha Liberation; spiritual freedom; release. Hindu mythology states that a being, after death is re-born in some other form depending on his Karma. Moksha is the ultimate freedom after which the being is destined to the Heaven.
Mool Root
Moong A variety of green dry beans (lentils) used for cooking or making sprouts .
Moorchha Loss of consciousness
Mutra Urine
Mutravaha srotas Urinary tract
N  
Nadis Nerves of the subtle body.
Nadi-shodhana The purification of the Nadis.
Nasya Administering a remedy through nose. The nose is known to be the doorway to the brain in Ayurveda and it is also the doorway to consciousness. The nasal administration of medication is called Nasya. It is one of  the karma in Panchakarma. An excess of bodily humors clogged in the sinus, throat, nose or head areas is eliminated by means of the nearest possible opening, the nose.
Nidan Cause, Diagnosis
Nidranash Disturbed sleep
Nirodha Restraint  or Control
Niyama Yogic observances or Self-purification through discipline.
O  
Ojas Vitality, immunity, essence of body tissues; prevents decay and degeneration of the body; Supports the body; provides strength and is essential for  sustenance.
Ojomeha Diabetes mellitus
P  
Paachaniya Anything that aids digestion. Substances one may use are: fennel, coriander, cumin, trikatu 
[Sunthi (dry ginger), pippali (Indian long pepper), and maricha (black pepper)] and Chitrak.
Pakvashay Large intestine
Pakvashyoth Originated from large intestine
Pancha Five
Panchakarma Five purification or detoxifying  procedures for the purpose of internal cleansing, these are: vomiting (Vamana), purgation (Virechana), decoction/oily enema (Basti-decoction/unctuous), and nasal administration of specific medications (Nasya). Panchakarma is an integral part of Ayurvedic treatment besides other therapies and is called Shodhana chikitsa.
Parshva Chest
Parsukas Ribs
Partantra Dependent
Paschat Karma Post procedures succeeding main action
Patanjali Main teacher of classical Yoga system
Peshi Muscles
Pidika Eruptions
Pitta One of the three doshas; is responsible for body temperature, digestion, assimilation, metabolism. In nutshell responsible for biotransformation.
Pittashay Gall Bladder
Pleeha Spleen
Poorva karma Prior actions or preparatory procedures, actions preceding main actions, here in Ayurvedic context; Oleation therapy and Sweat inducing therapy.
Prabhoot Excess, Increased
Prakrit bal Natural power of the body
Prakriti Human constitution
Prakupit Imbalanced, Vitiated
Prameh Anomalies of urinary secretion
Pramehpidika Carbuncle
Prana Breath, energy, life force
Prana Yoga Yoga of the life-force
Pranayama Deep rhythmic controlled breathing (Yogic breathing exercise).
Pranvaha Srotas Respiratory tract
Pratyahara Yogic control of mind and senses.
Pravahika Dysentery
Prodromal symptoms Early symptoms indicating the onset of disease.
Puja Hindu worship
Purgative Anything that eliminates the waste product or toxins from the lower part of the body is purgative. Purgatives stimulate the bowel movements. Ayurvedic herbs examples: Haritaki, Triphala etc.
R  
Raj Yakshma Pulmonary tuberculosis (Tuberculosis of the lungs)
Raja Yoga Integral or royal yoga path of Patanjali
Rajas Quality of energy, mobility or agitation
Rakta Second of the seven dhatus; supported by Rasa, it is one of the most important dhatus; responsible for the nourishment of the other dhatus; provides strength and color to the body; the foundation of  life; it can be identified with blood.
Rakta Mokshana One of the methods in Panchakarma. It is calledblood-letting. This is done either by venesection or with the help of leeches. The sites depend upon the ailments. It is very useful in gout, skin disorders, pigmentation of skin, blood disorders, Alopecia/ Baldness etc.
Raktapitt Haemorrhagic disease
Rasa The first of the seven dhatus, rasa  is derived from the digested food, and after absorption it circulates in the whole body by specific channels; its main function is to provide nutrition to every cell of the body; can be identified with plasma.
Rasayana Herbs, foods, activities that prevent ageing and promote longevity  
Rig Veda Oldest Hindu scripture; Veda of chant
Rishis Ancient Vedic seers
S  
Sadhya Curable
Sadhyasadhyata Prognosis, Outcome
Sahaj Congenital
Samadhi Absorption, bliss, state of super consciousness
Samprapti Pathogenesis, Disease forming process
Samsarjana Karma Regulated  prescribed diet plan followed for a period of time after main purification or detoxification procedure before continuing with normal dietary plan or activities.
Sandhi Joints
Sandhi Vata Osteoarthritis
Sannyasa Stage of life of renunciation.
Sanshamana chikitsa Palliative Treatment
Sanshodhana chikitsa Purifying/cleansing/detoxifying treatment
Satva Quality of truth or light
Shalya Tantra Surgery
Shamana To palliate
Sharir Body
Shaucha Mental and bodily cleanliness
Shirodhara Pouring oil or any medicated liquid over forehead through a vessel placed on a height
Shodana Purification
Shoka Anguish
Shonit Blood
Shuddha Clean, pure
Shuddhi Purification
Shukra The last of the seven dhatus; can be identified with the reproductive tissue; Semen.
Shwas Rog Difficulty in breathing / dyspnoea
Shwas kashta Difficulty in Breathing
Sira Veins
Sneh Oily Preparation
Srav Discharge
Srotas Channels, Tubes
Srotorodh Obstruction of channels
Sthool Obese
Sthoolantra Large Intestine
Sushrut Samhita An ancient text of surgery
Sushumna The spinal cord
Sutra A thread
Swarbhed Hoarseness of voice
Swarsada Hoarseness of voice
Swatantra Independent
Swed Sweat
T  
Tamak shwas Bronchial Asthma
Tamas Quality of darkness, ignorance and inertia
Tikta Bitter
Tridosha Vata, Kapha, Pitta
Trikatu  An ayurvedic preparation consisting of Sunthi (dry ginger), pippali (Indian long pepper), and maricha (black pepper)
Triphala An ayurvedic preparation consisting of Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Vibhitaka (Terminalia bellerica).
Trishna Thirst
Twak Skin
U  
Udak Water
Udbhav Origin
Upanishads Vedic philosophical texts
Updrava Complications
Upsarga Contagious
Uru Thigh
V  
Vamana Therapeutic / Drug induced Vomiting; one of the five procedures of Panchakarma. Vamana done for all kapha type disorders; respiratory congestion – bronchitis – chronic cold – sinus congestion – asthma caused due to Kapha Dosha.
Vasa Muscle fat
Vata One of the three Doshas; wind (air); that force which keeps Kapha, Pitta, and all of the seven dhatus and the malas in motion. Responsible for all voluntary and involuntary movements of the body. In nutshell, it is the principle of motion.
Vatashma Tophi
Vata rakta Gout
Vedas Ancient scriptures of India.
Veg Episodes, Natural urges
Vegavrodh Holding back of natural urges
Vikar Pathology, abnormality, derangement
Vikriti An imbalance or disorder
Virechana Drug induced purgation; One of the procedure of Panchakarma. Senna leaves, flax seeds, Pysillium husks or Triphala in a combination are used as per requirement. Indications for Virechana: allergic rash, skin inflammation, acne, eczema, jaundice, urinary disorder, enlargement of the spleen, chronic fever, biliary vomiting etc.
Vispharak Dilator
Vyadhi Disease
Y  
Yajur Veda Veda of ritual or sacrifice.
Yakrit Liver
Yama The five yogic attitudes
Yoga Union, from ‘yuj’ – to join, techniques of developing and integrating energy, uniting with the Divine
Yoga Sutras Classical text of Patanjali on Yoga.