Risk factors

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I. Type1 Diabetes

  • Family history of diabetes.
  • Family history of thyroid disease or other endocrine diseases.
  • Autoimmune disorder : Immune system’s T cells (a type of white blood cell. Function of white blood cells in our body is like that of the army force which fights off the infection) begin to destroy the beta-cells of the pancreas. Normally these so-called killer T cells fight infection, but in the case of diabetes, a mechanism known as an autoimmune response turns them against the body’s own tissues. The exact cause of this is unknown but genetic factors and environmental factors and sometimes a viral infection are believed to trigger it.
  • Drinking cow’s milk in infancy has been linked to juvenile diabetes. A protein called bovine serum albumin (BSA), might develop in children who are fed cow’s milk in early infancy. This protein resembles a protein in beta-cells. Researchers believe that the antibodies formed in response to BSA may later on attack the child’s beta-cells.

II. Type 2 Diabetes

  • Being overweight.
  • Leading a sedentary lifestyle.
  • Eating a diet high in fat and calories.
  • Being over age 40.
  • Having a family history of diabetes or endocrine diseases.
  • Smoking

III. Pregnancy Induced Glucose Intolerance

  • Females 25 years or older.
  • Women who are overweight.
  • Family history of diabetes.
  • Having given birth previously to a very large infant, a stillbirth, or a child with a birth defect; or having too much amniotic fluid (polyhydramnios).
  • Recurrent infection (repeated infection).