Diarrhea & vomiting

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Diarrhea & vomiting

Diarrhea may occur as a result of food poisoning or intolerance, infection or due to any chronic intestinal disease e.g. celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease etc.

Symptoms

  • Frequent passage of loose stool
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain / cramp
  • Vomiting (may or may not be present)
  • Fever (may or may not be present)

Diarrhea if accompanied with vomiting may lead to severe dehydration. The symptoms of dehydration may be

  • Thirst
  • Dry skin
  • Less frequent urination
  • Fatigue

First Aid

  • Give the individual lots of fluids to prevent dehydration. Other than water, the individual should be given fruit juices, broths and soups to maintain the fluid and electrolyte balance.
  • If children suffer from diarrhea, they may be given Oral Rehydration Solution.
  • If vomiting is troublesome, give small pieces of ice to suck: it stops the vomiting unless it is due to some obstruction in the gut passage.
  • If a doctor or paramedical staff is available and facilities are also available, start a normal saline infusion.
  • Arrange for medical help if the individual has severe pain in abdomen, fever, signs of dehydration and diarrhea persisting for more than 3 days.