One of the commonest complication of Type1 Diabetes is a state of low blood glucose called Hypoglycemia. The following may lead to Hypoglycemia
- Skipping Meals after taking an Insulin injection.
- Delay in taking meals after taking the Insulin injection.
- Exercising without planning or more than planned.
- Taking a larger dose of Insulin than prescribed.
- Taking an Insulin injection in the muscles.
- Taking a hot bath soon after taking an Insulin injection.
- Taking an injection in the limb to be used in exercise (as when a right handed person takes an injection in the right arm before playing a sport like badminton).
- Symptoms of Hypoglycemia start appearing when the blood glucose level drop below 70mg/dl.
- Blurred vision
- Loss of consciousness
Step 1: Provide an instant source of glucose like
- Fruit juice-1/2 glass.
- Sugar or honey.
- Hard Candy.
- Glucose Tablets. (Give 2-4 tablets)
- Soft drink (Avoid the low calorie drinks).
- A scoop of ice cream
- Milk with sugar.
This should correct the problem in 10 min.
Step 2: Follow it up with a food item like
Biscuits or Sandwich-with cheese/butter/peanut butter or a glass of milk or a fruit which can maintain blood glucose level for a longer period.
Step 3: If still not manageable, consult your doctor.