Hypothermia occurs as a result of prolonged exposure to cold. It develops when the body temperature falls below 35ºC / 95º F and in such a condition more heat is lost than the body’s ability to generate.
- Cold, dry skin
- Loss of sensation
- Muscular weakness
- Slow and shallow breathing
- In extreme cases, cardiac arrest
- Slow weakening pulse
- Make the victim lie down comfortably and cover him / her with warm dry blanket / quilt etc.
- Cover the head and neck of the victim to provide warmth.
- If the victim is conscious, give a hot beverage or soup.
- If the victim is unconscious, check the airway, pulse and breathing. If necessary, give CPR.
- If the victim is an infant or an elderly, get medical help.
- Do not use direct heat like hot water bottles or heating pad to provide warmth because this is believed to further worsen hypothermia.