A new study has found that eating a diet rich in vegetables from the allium group (i.e. garlic, onion, and other plants related to onion such as spring onions, scallions, leeks, chives) can help to reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer. According to the researchers all these vegetables are rich in flavonols, an antioxidant that has been proven to have anti-cancer effects.
The study focused on 20 different food groups. While the other foods also had similar antioxidant properties the researchers focused majorly on the allium group as these vegetables are known to contain certain components that help to block toxic substances in the body, stimulate the immune system and repair DNA.
During the study it was found that those men who consumed more than 10 gm of the vegetables from the allium group in a day were half as likely to develop prostate cancer as compared to those men who just ate 2.2 gm of these vegetables in a day. Out of all these vegetables, garlic and scallions seemed to have the greatest effect.
The researchers concluded that although eating fruits and vegetables reduced the risk of prostate cancer slightly, the reduced risk associated with allium vegetables was far more prominent.