Careful monitoring and management of hypertension not only helps keep your blood pressure from going too high or too low but also helps prevent other health problems that it may cause over the years. Serious disease of the kidneys, eyes, heart, and blood vessels are common particularly when the disorder is not kept under complete control.

The best way to avoid complications is to follow the guidelines laid down by your doctor :

  • Eat healthy food.
  • Do regular exercise as advised by the doctor.
  • Regular intake of your hypertension medicine.
  • Regular monitoring of blood pressure.

Complications include :

  • Malignant hypertension : It is the accelerated phase of hypertension where the diastolic blood pressure is usually 130 mm of Hg or more with symptoms like, bleeding, encephalopathy (brain involvement), papilloedema (involvement of eyes).
  • Stroke : High blood pressure is one of the most important risk factor for stroke. Increase in the blood pressure causes damage to the blood vessels in the brain resulting in hemorrhage (bleeding).
  • Impaired vision (hypertensive retinopathy) : Increased pressure causes rupture of blood vessels in the eye causing impaired vision or sudden loss of vision due to hemorrhage.
  • Kidney failure : High blood pressure over the years can cause narrowing and thickening of blood vessels in the kidney. As a result the kidneys filter less of fluid causing accumulation of waste products in the body, finally leading to renal failure.
  • Heart failure : High blood pressure is the number one risk factor for congestive heart failure (a condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to supply the body’s needs).
  • Hypotension : Regular intake of medications for high blood pressure can suddenly cause a fall in blood pressure especially in the elderly people. Hence, it is important to regularly monitor your blood pressure to prevent sudden fall in blood pressure.