Introduction

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HYPERTENSION (Uchcha Raktachap)

High blood pressure (RaktagatVata)

RaktagatVata which has been mentioned in brief  in Vata Vyadhi (Disease caused due to solely Vata imbalance) can be correlated with hypertension.

Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries that carry blood  away from the heart. The pressure is generated by the force of contraction of the heart and maintained in between heart beats by the elasticity of the arteries.

Hypertension

Hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 140 mm Hg or greater, diastolic Blood pressure (DBP) of 90 mm Hg or greater.

RISK FACTORS

  • Smoking
  • High levels of cholesterol and /or triglycerides in blood
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Women > 65 yrs. or men > 55 years
  • Males and post menopausal females are at increased risk
  • Family history of disease of hypertension

Hypertension may lead to complications like heart failure, angina (a condition marked by severe pain in the chest, due to an inadequate blood supply to the heart muscles), stroke, kidney diseases that could be fatal.

SYMPTOMS

At times hypertension is asymptomatic and is accidentally discovered during routine check ups. However, the common symptoms include:

  • Headache
  • Giddiness
  • Breathlessness on exertion
  • Palpitations
  • Bleeding from nose