MMR VACCINE – INTRODUCTION
The MMR vaccine protects your child against three viral diseases: Measles, Mumps & Rubella (German measles).
Measles is a highly infectious viral disease.
Mode of spread
The disease is spread by airborne droplet infection from secretions of nose and throat.
Clinical symptoms include:
- high fever, cough, running nose, watery eye
- a characteristic rash appears on 4th day of illness, first behind the ears, upper part of forehead, face and neck, which later spreads to the trunk & limbs.
Infected children may develop complications – a serious form ofpneumonia. In older children, measles can lead to encephalitis(brain swelling), which results in permanent brain damage. Measles can also cause a very rare condition of brain damage called SSPE (Subacute Sclersoing Panencephalitis)
Mumps is a highly contagious viral infection. Clinical symptoms are:
- mild fever
- pain & swelling below angle of jaw
Mumps remains a common cause of acquired deafness and viralmeningitis (an infection of the lining of the brain). In adolescents, complication of mumps may cause painful swelling of the testicles called orchitis (which may rarely lead to sterility and testicular cancer).
Rubella, commonly known as German measles is a viral disease. Clinical symptoms include:
- a pinkish red rash (starting on face) giving a “slapped cheek” appearance
- mild fever and swollen lymph nodes
If a pregnant woman gets German measles during the first trimester (first 12 weeks), more than her, it can cause some serious damage to the developing organs of the baby in the womb. The child has 85% chances of developing blindness, deafness, heart defects, or mental retardation.