Fats/ oils are the concentrated sources of energy and should be used very judiciously. The selection of proper fats/oil sources plays an important role here. One of the long-term side effects of steroid therapy is weight gain. Moreover, the renal transplant patients are more prone to cardiovascular complications/diseases. So, most of the fats/lipids quota should come from polyunsaturated and mono unsaturated fatty acids. All the vegetable oils (except coconut oil) can be used moderately.
The saturated fats such as ghee, butter, cream, whole fat milk and its products, sausages, bacon etc. should be avoided.
The best technique for the renal transplant patients will be to maintain a healthy weight and employ a heart healthy diet plan. Following tips will help you in reducing the total fat and cholesterol intake :
- Prefer skimmed or low fat milk to the full fat milk. Use skimmed milk in all the milk based preparations.
- Limit the egg yolks intake up to 2-3 per week as egg yolks are the rich sources of cholesterol and can affect the overall lipid profile.
- Prefer white meat i.e. chicken, lean fish to red meat (meat, mutton, glandular meat etc.)
- Increase the intake of fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grains, as they are the rich sources of fiber. Fiber helps in reducing the cholesterol levels.
- Use low fat cooking techniques like pressure cooking, steaming, roasting, grilling, poaching, marinating, braising and sautéing. These methods not only help in reducing the fat intake but also assist in preserving the nutritive value of foods.