FATS – INTRODUCTION
Fats is an important part of a child’s diet. It provides energy, carries fat-soluble vitamins and provides the building blocks for essential chemicals. However, too much fat can cause obesity, high blood pressure and heart disease.
- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends no restriction of fat or cholesterol for children under the age of two when rapid growth and development require a high-energy intake.
- From age two to five children can be quite “selective” about their food, often choosing to eat only one food group for a day. The AAP recommends that parents monitor the fat intake of children during these years.
- By the age of five a child’s diet should include no more than 30 percent of calories from fat. No more than 10 percent of these calories should come from saturated fat.
- Children should be offered a wide variety of fresh fruits, vegetables, grains and low fat meat and dairy products to achieve a balanced diet.
There are two types of dietary fat :-
- Saturated fats
- Unsaturated (which include polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat).