NUTRITIONAL CARE

It has been observed that in countries where fiber intake is high, have a very low incidence of hemorrhoids. The most important preventive dietary measure for hemorrhoids is high fiber-intake. Here we are presenting some details of dietary fiber- which is beneficial in the dietary management of this condition.

Dietary fiber

Dietary fiber is a specific group of complex carbohydrates ( derived from plant materials) which can not be digested by human digestive system. Different types of fibers are present and they can be grouped into two broad categories. Each has a role in promoting good health. The two general types are water soluble fibers and insoluble fibers.

  • Soluble fiber- As the name suggests they are soluble in water. The influence of soluble fiber on digestive system is related to their ability to hold water and form gel matrix. This is directly related to the sense of satiety provided by these fibers. They also help in the colonic fermentation process by acting as a suitable substrate for bacteria. They reduce low-density lipoprotein but has no effect on High-density lipoproteins. In this way they can help in the treatment of high cholesterol levels, diabetes and obesity. It has gums and pectins as major chemical components.
  • Insoluble fiber- As the name suggests they are insoluble in water. Their properties are due to their indigestibility and fibrous nature. They stimulates the chewing action of jaws and enhances the saliva and gastric juice production. Insoluble fiber holds water to produce softer, bulkier stools. By promoting better regularity, a diet high in insoluble fibers helps relieve constipation and control diverticular disease. Insoluble fibers may also help in preventing colon cancer. Details of dietary fiber.Chemically they are cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin.

Sources

The major sources of insoluble and soluble fibers are as follows:

Insoluble Fibre    
Cellulose Hemicellulose Lignin
Whole wheat flour, Bran, Vegetables Bran, Whole grains, Oatmeal Mature vegetables, wheat, fruits with edible seeds such as strawberries
Soluble Fibre  
Gums Pectins
Oats, legumes, guar , barley Apples, citrus fruits, strawberries, carrots

Tips to increase your daily fiber intake.

Dietary fiber content of various foods.

High fiber recipes.

To know more about Nutritional Management, click here