Glossary

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Glossary (Names of Herbs and foods)
Hindi Name English Name Latin Name
Amrud Guava Psidium guajava
Aam Mango (ripe) Mangifera indica
Adrak Ginger Zingiber officinale
Ajwain Omum Trachyspermum ammi
Ajwain Omum seeds Trachyspermum ammi
Akhrot Walnut Juglans regia
Alsi Linseed Linum usitatissimum
Amla Amla Emblica officinalis
Anar Pomegranate Punica granatum
Angoor Grapes Vitis vinifera
Anjeer Figs Ficus carica
Arjun Arjuna Terminalia arjuna
Ashwagandha Winter cherry Withania somnifera
Badam Almond Prunus amygdalus
Baheda Beleric myrobalans Terminalia belerica
Baingan Eggplant; Brinjal Solanum melongena
Bathua ———- Chenopodium album
Bel Bael Fruit Aegle marmelos
Brahmi Indian pennywort Bacopa monniera
Chameli Chamomile Chamomilla recutita
Chandan Sandalwood Santalum album
Chay Tea plant Thea sinensis
Chirayata Chiretta Swertia chirata
———- Cranberry Vaccinium oxycoccus var. Palustris
Dalchini Cinnamon Cinnamomum zeylanicum
Dhaniya Coriander Coriandrum sativum
Elaichi Cardamon Elettaria cardamomum
Eranda Castor oil plant Ricinus communis
Gandhapura Wintergreen Gaultheria procumbens
Gajar Carrot Daucus carota
Gehun Wheat Triticum aestivum
Genda Marigold Calendula officinalis
Ghritkumari Aloe vera Aloe vera
———- Ginseng Panax ginseng
Harad Indian gall nut Terminalia chebula
———- Horse radish Armoracia rusticana
Imli Tamarind Tamarindus indica
Isabgul Psyillium husk Plantago psyllium
Jaee Oats Avena sativum
Jaiphal Nutmeg Myristica fragrans
Jamun Jambu Fruit Syzigium cumini
Jau Barley Hordeum sativum vulgare
Jeera Cumin seeds Cuminum cyminum
Kali mirch Black pepper Piper nigrum    
Karela Bitter gourd Momordica charantia
Kela Banana Musa paradisicum
Kesar Saffron Crocus sativus
Kharbooja Musk melon Cucumis melo
Khus-Khus;Postdana Poppy seeds Papaver somniferum
Kishmish Raisins Vitis vinifera
Kulthi Horse-gram plant Dolichos biflorus
Kutki Gentian Picrorrhiza kurroa
Lavang Clove Syzigium aromaticum
———- Lavender Lavandula vera,  L. officinalis
Lehsan Garlic Allium sativum
Makhanphal Avocado Persica americana gratissima
Methi Fenugreek seeds Trigonella foenum graecum
Mirch Chillies Capsicum annuum
Mulethi Licorice Glycyrrhiza glabra
Muli Radish Raphanus sativus
Munakka Sultanas Vitis vinifera
Nariyal Coconut Cocos nucifera
Neem Neem Azadirachta indica
Nilgiri Eucalyptus Eucalyptus globulus ; Eucalyptus citriodora
Nimbu Lemon Citrus limon
Palak Spinach Spinacia oleracea
Papita Papaya tree Carica papaya
Phitkari Alum salt
Pippali Long Pepper Piper longum
Piyaz Onion Allium cepa
Postdana Poppy seeds Papavar somniferum
———- Prune Prunus salicina
Pudina Mint Mentha piperita
Ritha Soapnut Sapindus trifoliatus
———- Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis
Rusbhary Raspberry Rubus wallichi
Salad patta Lettuce Lactuca sativa
Santra Orange Citrus aurantium
Sarson Mustard seeds Brassica campestris
Saunf Fennel seeds Foeniculum vulgare
Saunth Dried ginger Zingiber officinale
Sev Apple Malus sylvestris
Tamatar Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum
Tarbuj Water melon Citrullus vulgaris
———- Tea tree oil Melaleuca alternifolia
Tej patra Bay leaf Cinnamomum iners
———- Thyme Thymus vulgaris
Til Sesame seeds Sesamum indicum
Tulsi Holy Basil Ocimum sanctum
Vidang ———- Embelia ribes
Vidari Wild Yam Root Ipomoea digitata
———- Witch hazel Hamamelis virginiana
Zetoon Olive Olea europea
Compresses compresses and poultice are used externally and are very effective because the active part of the herb are able to reach the affected part without being altered in any way by the digestive tract.
Compresses are normally prepared by soaking a linen or muslin cloth in an infusion or decoction. The cloth is then placed on the affected region and is held in place by a bandage or plastic wrap.
Compresses are milder than poultice and can be hot or cold.
Decoction  a liquor containing the concentrated essence of a substance, produced as a result of heating or boiling, especially as used in medicinal and herbal preparations.
Infusion a drink, remedy or extract prepared by soaking herbs in boiling water to get the flavour or healing properties.
Poultices
Compresses and poultice are used externally and are very effective because the active part of the herb are able to reach the affected part without being altered in any way by the digestive tract.
A poultice is made from a crushed plant and is applied directly to the affected area. It can be prepared by boiling crushed plant parts for a few minutes to make a pulp  or mix powdered herbs with boiling water. It is specifically useful for conditions like bruises, wounds and abscesses (Pus filled cavities) to soothe and to draw out impurities.
Steep    soak or be soaked in water or other liquid.
Triphala – a combination of three herbs viz. Amla (Emblica officinalis), Harad (Terminalia chebula) and Baheda (Terminelia bellerica)