Complications

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Complications

Obesity can augment the chances of developing  metabolic, anatomic, degenerative, neoplastic and psycologic complications.

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Metabolic complications

These complications usually arise due to improper distribution and metabolism of various nutrients in the body. This category includes Hypercholesterolemia (high blood cholesterol), Non-insulin dependent diabetes (type II diabetes), Heart diseases, Hypertension (high blood pressure), Gall stones, Central sleep apnea (a common sleep disorder) etc.

Anatomic complications

Obesity may lead to various problems such as Gastroesophageal reflux disease (heart burn), Obstructive sleep apnea (a sleep disorder characterized by excessive snoring), Stress incontinence (involuntary passing of urine), Varicose veins (irregular tortuosity of veins in legs) and its complications etc.

Degenerative complications

These conditions arise due to the long term effects of obesity. This include arthritis of knee and hip joint, vertebral disc diseases, complications of diabetes, atherosclerosis and fatty liver associated cirrhosis.

Nesplastic complications

Obese people are at increased risk of developing cancers of esophagus (food pipe), gallbladder (reservoir of bile), colon (large intestine), rectum, prostate, uterus, breast and ovary.

Psychological complications including depression, anxiety and binge eating disorders.