Nutritional Management


A proper diet will not cure the disease, but it will make you feel better. You will have more energy, and your body will be able to fight infection better :

  • Take food rich in proteins to help you maintain your muscle strength.
  • Eat three small meals and three snacks- this will prevent you from becoming too full. Too much food at once distends the stomach and presses on the diaphragm which may result in difficulty in breathing.
  • Avoid lying down after meals.
  • Avoid gas forming vegetables like cabbage, radish, beans, peas, cauliflower, onion, turnip etc. and limit carbonated beverages if prone to gas.
  • Diet should contain fruits and vegetables, dairy products, cereal and grains, proteins.
  • Take sprouted pulses.
  • Avoid fried and fatty food.
  • Avoid eating or drinking foods that contain milk especially if you are coughing up sputum.
  • Avoid canned food or food with preservatives.
  • Avoid excess of tea or coffee.
  • Choose foods that are easy to prepare. Don’t waste all of your energy preparing a meal. Try to rest before eating so that you can enjoy your meal.
  • If you are using oxygen, be sure to wear your cannula while eating – and after meals, too. Eating and digestion require energy, and this causes your body to use more oxygen.
  • Consult your physician if you have other dietary restrictions, such as ulcers, or if you are overweight or underweight.
  • Patient should take freshly prepared warm food.
  • Limit your salt intake. Too much salt can cause retention of fluid causing shortness of breath.
  • Drink a lot of water (unless your doctor has advised you not to). This will help to keep the lining of the airways moist and also make it easier for you to cough up mucus.
  • Choose softer foods that are easier to chew if you become short of breath while eating.
  • Dinner should be taken at least two hours before going to sleep.


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