Heart Attack – Symptoms

Heart attack may happen at any time, day or night but the frequency is more in the early morning hours probably due to increased tone and tendency towards thrombosis (or clot) in the morning. In many patients there is a history of preceding physical and mental stress. The symptoms of heart attack may be present alone or in combination.

  • Pain – Some of the characteristic features are:
    • Commonly occurs in the central chest or upper part of abdomen like anginal pain but it is more severe and lasts longer.
    • Pain may also be felt (radiation) in the left arm, neck, lower jaw or back.
    • Often described as heaviness, squeezing or crushing.
    • Pain does not subside with rest and antianginal medications such as nitroglycerine, unlike angina.
    • Pain may be absent especially in elderly and diabetics when it is known as painless infarction.
  • Breathlessness – Difficulty in breathing could be a prominent symptom especially in elderly patients.
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Profuse sweating
  • Sudden fainting and confusion
  • Weakness and apprehensio