Dandruff may improve after home treatment but you should consult your doctor if :

  • heavy dandruff does not improve after a few weeks of home treatment.
  • redness is present, or if scaling occurs on parts of the body other than the scalp.
  • if crusts form on the scalp
  • there is intense itching of scalp


The objectives of treatment are to :

  • control dandruff
  • prevent complications
  • educate the person to identify the problem early

General management

Besides medicines, following guidelines can help you control your dandruff problem.

  • Eat a healthy and well balanced diet.
  • Avoid excessive salt, sugar and alcohol.
  • Maintain proper hair hygiene by using shampoo prepared from herbs like henna, amla, shikakai, reetha.
  • In consultation with your dermatologist use a shampoo which suits your hair best.
  • Regularly disinfect your towel, comb, pillow cover after use.
  • Avoid use of harsh cosmetics on the hair like hair dyes, gels, sprays etc.
  • Mild dandruff may be controlled by regularly shampooing the scalp with a mild, non-medicated shampoo.
  • When you wash your hair, lather once, rinse, lather a second time and really rub your scalp as you shampoo. Your fingers will help dislodge excess cells.
  • While washing your hair with a shampoo take care to rinse the hair properly, so that no traces of shampoo are left behind.
  • Use a conditioner to keep hair from drying out.
  • If you have dry dandruff give a warm-oil treatment to the hair to help loosen and soften dandruff scaling.
  • Avoid stress by practicing meditation, yoga or relaxation exercises.