How to manage diarrhea
The objective for managing diarrhea is to prevent complications.
- With diarrhea, there is loss of electrolytes and fluid from the body causing dehydration. This dehydration has to be prevented or corrected. Oral rehydration solution (ORS) can be used for the treatment of diarrhea or any of the home remedy can be used which can prevent dehydration.
- Nutritional management: Nutritional damage can be prevented by properdiet :
- Sufficient nutrients are required to support growth and weight gain.
- Good nutrition speeds the recovery of intestinal function.
- Breast feeding should be continued in case of a breast fed baby.
- Feeds should never be withheld and child’s usual feeds should not be diluted.
- Frequent small feedings are tolerated better.
- Avoid fried, greasy foods and strong tea and coffee.
- Consuming plenty of fluids can be beneficial. Even small sips of liquids can be given frequently to avoid vomiting. Fluids like fruit juice, lemon water, soups, rice water, coconut water, yogurts or curds etc.
- Avoidance of spicy, fried or any heavy food, coffee, strong tea and soda or aerated drinks is recommended.
- Nursing to a breast feeding child can be continued.
- Signs of dehydration should be observed.
- If infected diarrhea is from rotavirus especially in children below 6 months of age, then medication is not required as this viral infection is self-limiting and the child will be better within 5-7 days. Only the lost fluid of the child has to be restored along with the nutritional management. But a pediatrician should be consulted first.