The main objective of management of diabetes is usually to get the blood glucose level under control. Effective glucose control by itself may help to prevent micro-angiopathic complications (in the eyes and kidneys). It may however, not be able to prevent macro-angiopathic complications (such as atherosclerosis, stroke and heart attack). For this reason, the current focus has changed from control of glucose to comprehensive metabolic control (i.e. control of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism).

To be consistently successful in diabetes control the patient has to be regular and diligent with regard to: