Discipline and proper understanding of the disease can help you in taking an aware and proactive part in the control of your condition.

The goals of diabetes management is to:

  • Maintain a blood glucose level as close to normal as possible.
  • Avoid spells of low blood glucose (HYPOGLYCEMIA) and high blood glucose levels (HYPERGLYCEMIA)
  • Avoid/minimize complications
  • Lead a happy, productive and fulfilling life.

These goals can be attainted by:

  • Taking regular, timely and right amount of Insulin.
  • Taking an appropriate diet and synchronising it with your medication schedule.
  • Regularly monitoring your blood glucose levels.
  • Maintaining a proper record of these results (you can use the booklet provided with your diabetes kit).
  • Following your doctor’s instructions.
  • A positive attitude.

Recommended levels of blood glucose

According to the age of a person, the recommended level for blood glucose to be maintained is in the following range:

  • Preschool Children: For children up to 5 years of age the ideal levels are 80 to 200 mg/dl or 4.5 to 11.1mmol/l
  • Age 5 to 11 years:  70 to 150 mg/dl or 3.9 to 10mmol/l
  • Age12 years and above: 70 to 150mg/dl or 3.9 to 8.3mmol/l

A higher level is recommended in children to make allowances for their physical growth and developing brain. Once the child grows up, lower levels are advised so as to delay the onset of complications