Oj is the natural defense mechanism of the body to fight away thediseases. Oj is the essence of all the seven tissues (dhatus ) of the body. It is present in whole body like ghee exists in the milk or honey exists in the flower.

Appearance of Oj

  • Snigdh – Viscous
  • Somatmakam – With predominance of water principle
  • Shuddha, ishat Lohita Peetvarna – Clear i.e. transparent, slightly reddish, yellow in colour
  • Sarpi Varna – Ghee like appearance
  • Laaja Gandhi – Smell like Laaja
  • Madhur Rasa – Sweet in taste

Sites of Oj

  • Hridya Sthan  Present in the heart
  • Vyapi             Present all over the body like ghee in milk                        or honey in flower.

Types of Oj

  • Apara Oj – It is present all over the body. Its quantum is half anjali
  • Para Oj – It is present in the heart. Its quantum is eight drops. Its appearance is clear or transparent, reddish yellow in colour

Stages of Oj depletion

There are three stages of Oj depletion : I. Visransa – Visransa is characterized by:

  • Laxity of joints
  • Fatigue
  • Displacement of Vata etc doshas from their respective sites
  • Impairment in the physical and mental activities

II. Vyapat – This stage is characterized by:

  • Heaviness in the body
  • Stiffness of joints like knee joint etc
  • Swelling due to Vata Dosha imbalance
  • Discoloration
  • Depression
  • Drowsiness
  • Excessive Sleep

III. Kshaya – This stage is characterized by :

Besides symptoms and signs of Oj Visransa and Vyapat other symptoms and signs  are:

  • Unconsciousness
  • Emaciation or wasting of tissues
  • Delirium  (an acutely disturbed state of mind characterized by restlessness, illusions and incoherence of thought and speech)
  • Delusion (an individual’s belief or impression that is not in accordance with a generally accepted reality)
  • Death

Sign & Symptoms of Oj Kshaya (Depletion of Oj)

  • Anxiety or irrational fear
  • Weak and loses weight
  • Improper functioning of sense organs
  • Grace and glow of body lessens
  • Decreased will power

Factor responsible for depletion of Oj

  • Trauma
  • Loss of Dhatus or wasting
  • Anger
  • Grief
  • Worries
  • Physical exertion
  • Fasting