Tridosha Theory – Kapha Dosha

Kapha word has been derived from a Sanskrit word that means “that which holds things together”. It is  known as “Shleshma”.

The Dosha which is formed from water and earth is known as Kapha.Together, these two elements form the fundamental protoplasm of life. It is the force which provides structure to everything from an individual atom or cell to the whole  body frame.

Kapha Dosha literally means the adhesive material which in the body acts as the binding constituent. It gives strength, stability, and endurance–both physical and psychological–and promotes human emotions and capacities such as love, compassion, empathy, understanding, forgiveness, loyalty and patience. It lubricates the joints, responsible for moisture, memory retention and energy. It is responsible for the immunity and resistance against disease. Water is the main constituent of Kapha, and this body fluid is responsible physiologically for biological strength and natural tissue resistance in the body.  The repair or anabolic process taking place in the body is managed by Kapha dosha. It  provides structure to an individual atom or cell to the body as a whole. Kapha cements the elements in the body, providing the material for physical structure. Kapha is present in the chest, throat, head, sinuses, nose, mouth, stomach, joints, cytoplasm, plasma and liquid secretions of the body such as mucus. The chest is the seat of Kapha.

Types of Kapha Dosha

Type Site Function
Kledak Kapha Stomach (Amashay). Helps in digestion of food , it lubricates the food.
Avlambak Kapha Chest Provides Energy.
Bodhak Kapha Tongue and throat. Responsible for perception of taste.
Tarpak Kapha Head, brain Responsible for nourishment of  the brain . Responsible for the normal function of brain.
Shleshak Kapha Joints. Responsible for lubrication of joints and their smooth  movements.

Function of Kapha Dosha

The principle functions of balanced Kapha are:

  • Provides adequate moisture and lubrication throughout the body.
  • Stable joints.
  • Provides stability and integrity to tissues.
  • Sexual potency.
  • Provides natural power or energy in the body.
  • Stable and strong physique.
  • Responsible for strong defense mechanism.
  • Responsible for emotions like patience and forgiveness.
  • Strong digestion, regular appetite.
  • Physiological amounts of respiratory moisture.

In nutshell, It is responsible for structure, stability, energy, lubrication and emotions like forgiveness and patience. It can be correlated in the body with cells which form our organs and fluids which nourish and protect them.