Tridosha Theory – Vata Dosha

The term Vata originated from a Sanskrit word “Vayu” which means“that which moves things and cause enthusiasm”Vata Dosha or Vayu literally means the wind or air in the external atmosphere. It is made up of the elements space and air–the lightest of the five elements. It is known to be the  most influential of the three doshas because it is the moving force behind the other two Doshas, which are disabled i.e.. cannot move without it. It has an access to the minutest pores or body channels.

It is responsible for all activities or  movement being carried out in the body and all impulses . It is responsible for all perceptions like temperature, taste etc. through the respective sense organs.

The movement of air in and out of the lungs, the flow of blood through the circulatory system, nutrients through the digestive tract, and thoughts through the mind can be attributed to Vata. Vata promotes a healthy equilibrium between the thought and emotion and gives rise to creativity, imagination and lucid comprehension.

Types of Vata Dosha

Type Site  Function
Pran Vayu Head, chest, ears, tongue, mouth, nose. Spitting, sneezing, belching, respiration and swallowing. Responsible for enthusiasm and happiness. Responsible for emotions, behavior etc. all the functions of mind, heart and maintain coordination between sense organs and their functions.
Udaan Vayu Naval , chest, throat. Responsible for initiation of speech, efforts and memory.
Samaan Vayu Digestive tract in stomach and intestines. Helps in digestion of food . Formation of faeces and absorption of essence of food by helping the bowel movements and carrying the enzymes to  their place of action.
Vyaan Vayu Heart and moves in the whole body. Responsible for all activities e.g. walking, blinking etc. , blood circulation, sweat formation and its excretion.
Apaan Vayu. Testes, urinary bladder, urethra, naval, thighs, pelvis, anus and intestines. Responsible for elimination of waste products such as faeces, urine, flatus, menstrual fluid etc. and  semen from the body. For pushing out the baby during its birth.

Functions of Vata Dosha

The principle functions of balanced Vata are:

  • Initiation and Coordination of all body functions or activities.
  • Stimulates all the activities whether voluntary (Under will ) or involuntary (Beyond will).
  • Controlled and precise mental activity. Responsible for thoughts, emotions etc.
  • Control of the organs of perception and the organs of action.
  • Stimulation of digestive juices and appetite.
  • Provides integrity and stability to the tissues.
  • Initiation of speech.
  • Responsible for sensation of touch and hearing.
  • Responsible for dynamism, enthusiasm, curiosity and natural interest.
  • Astronomically high energy level.
  • Vata is a strong influential force behind other Doshas viz. Pitta and Kapha, tissues and waste material of the body. In its absence these are incapable of movement.

In nutshell, responsible for breathing, natural urges, transformation of the tissues, motor functions, sensory functions, secretions, excretions, thoughts and life force. It can be correlated in the body with the movement of blood, waste material, food, gases and thoughts.